ASCOLI, Italian family, originating from the city of ascoli piceno near Ancona. Members of the family are known from the 15th century. Among its members was JACOB BEN ABRAHAM OF ASCOLI (15th century), rabbi, physician, and liturgical poet. He wrote two introductions to Nishmat Kol Ḥai, one beginning Yodu le-Shimkha Elyon, for the Day of Atonement, and the other Yifros Go'el Sukkat Shalom for the Feast of Tabernacles. DAVID D'ASCOLI (mid-16th century) was the author of Apologia Hebraeorum (1559) in which he protested against the discriminatory anti-Jewish legislation of Pope Paul IV which enforced the jewish badge and established the ghetto system. As a result of his protest, David was imprisoned. A street in Ascoli has been named after him. ALBERT ABRAM (b. 1877) was a physician and educator. He was a pioneer in anti-tubercular vaccination and director of the Institute for Anti-Tubercular Vaccines in Milan (1924) as well as professor at Milan University. The author of some 180 publications, he received several decorations for his work. ALDO (b. 1882), a much decorated naval officer, rose to be commander of the Italian fleet in the Aegean (1930) but, after the racial laws came into effect, was forced to resign (1938). ALFREDO (1863–1942) was a jurist. He taught law at Messina, Pavia, and Rome. Alfredo also wrote numerous works, particularly on Roman law, and played a prominent part in elaborating the new Italian civil code. EMILIA (b. 1873. was the author and writer of fables. She wrote under the pseudonym Liana. Her works include Favole (1914) and Canti Tricolori (1917). GIULIO (1843–96) was a mathematician, and associate professor at the Politechnico in Milan from 1879. He introduced the concept of quasi-uniform convergence and dealt with the theory of functions and problems of calculation. His works appeared in Brioschi's Annali di Matematica and other scientific publications. GIULIO (1870–1916), a physicist, was born in Trieste. He was noted for his research on metabolism and uremia. GUIDO (1887–1957), a mathematician and educator, was professor of mathematics at the University of Pisa (1933–34), Milan (1934–38), and Turin (1949–57), specializing in analysis and geometry. MAURIZIO (1876–1958), a pathologist, taught at Palermo (1920–22), held the chair of pathology at the University of Catania (1911–20, 1922–27), and became director of its medical clinic (1927). Among his major contributions were studies on immunity to various diseases, the influence of irradiation on the endocrine gland function, and the effects of drugs. MOISE (1857–1921), a physician, born in Gorizia, was professor of technical physics at the University of Rome. He dealt with the properties of metals, magnetism, and electricity, and published numerous articles in scientific periodicals. VITTORIO (1863–1931), a pathologist, was director of the Clinica Medica Roma and was famous for his studies on malaria, diabetes, and tuberculosis. MAX (b. 1898), a jurist and author, was professor of law at the University of Genoa (1926–31). After the rise of Fascism he migrated to the U.S. where he lectured at the New School for Social Research, New York, and became a member of the "University in Exile." After World War II he participated in the restoration of artistic monuments damaged in the war. He was the author of several works on jurisprudence in Italian, and political writings, mainly on Fascism, in English. He was editor of the American weekly the Reporter (1949–68). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Roth, Italy, index; Milano, Italia, index; G. Bedarida, Ebrei d'Italia (1950), index; Dizionario biografico degli Italiani (1962); Nouvelle Biographie Universelle, 3 (1852), 422–3; Vogelstein-Rieger, 2 (1895), 45, 111, 153; JQR, 14 (1901/02), 389–90; M. Steinschneider, in: MGWJ, 42 (1898), 263; A.G. Tiraboschi, Storia della letteratura italiana (Florence, 1805–18123), index. (Nathan H. Winter)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Ascoli — steht für: Ascoli Piceno, eine italienische Stadt in den Marken Ascoli Satriano, eine italienische Stadt im Norden Apuliens Ascoli ist der Name folgender Personen: Alberto Ascoli (1877–1957), italienischer Serologe, Hygieniker und physiologischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ascoli — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ascoli referirse a: Geografía Ascoli Piceno, una ciudad y capital de provincia en Las Marcas, en Italia Ascoli Satriano, una villa en la provincia de Foggia, en Italia Cecco d Ascoli (Francesco Stabili), poeta,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ascoli — may refer to:*Ascoli Piceno, a city and provincial seat in Marche, Italy *Ascoli Calcio 1898, a football club based in Ascoli Piceno *Ascoli Satriano, a town in the Province of Foggia, in Italy …   Wikipedia

  • Áscoli — puede referirse a: Geografía Ascoli Piceno, una ciudad y capital de provincia en Las Marcas, en Italia. Ascoli Satriano, una villa en la provincia de Foggia, en Italia. Esta página de desambiguación cataloga artículos relacionados con el mismo… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ascŏli — Ascŏli, 1) Delegation im Kirchenstaat, grenzt an Neapel, die Delegation Spoleto u. das Adriatische Meer; 22 QM., 88,000 Ew.; 2) Hauptstadt derselben (Ascolum) am Tronto u. Castellaro, Bisthum, Citadelle, viele Kirchen u. Klöster; 9000 Ew. A. ist… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ascŏli — Ascŏli, Graziadio Isaia, ital. Sprachforscher, geb. 16. Juli 1829 in Görz, wurde zum Kaufmann bestimmt, wandte sich aber dem Sprachstudium zu und brachte es ohne Anleitung so weit, daß er schon im 16. Lebensjahr eine vortreffliche Arbeit über das …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ascoli — Ascŏli. 1) A. Picēno (spr. pitsch ), das alte Ascŭlum Picēnum, Hauptstadt der ital. Prov. A. (2063 qkm, 1904: 251.548 E.), am Tronto, (1901) 28.882 E. – 2) A. Satriāno, das alte Asculum Apŭlum, Stadt in der ital. Prov. Foggia, (1901) 8850 E.; 279 …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ascoli [2] — Ascŏli, Graziadio Isaia, ital. Sprachforscher, geb. 16. Juli 1829 zu Görz, seit 1860 Prof. an der Akademie zu Mailand, Hauptvertreter der arisch semit. Sprachtheorie in Italien (»Studj orientali«, 2 Bde., 1854 fg.), Herausgeber des »Archivio… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ascoli — (das alte Asculum im Lande der Picener), in der 2. Legation des Kirchenstaates, 12800 E., Hafen, Handelsverkehr; A. ist Bischofssitz, hat 10 Kirchen, 15 Klöster. – A. di Satriano, neapolitan. Stadt in der Prov. Capitanata, 5500 E., Bisthum,… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Ascoli — Ascoli, Graziadio Isaia …   Enciclopedia Universal

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